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All opinions expressed in the documents linked below are my own, and do not necessarily represent those of the net provider.
The disclaimer on the head page applies here as well.
Bahasa Indonesia
Southeast Asian Lg-s

Linguist List
Evolution of Language


Some Inputs to LINGUIST List

Discussion "Prescriptivism", Oct. 1995
Discussion "English Attributive Nominals", Mar. 1996
Discussion "Grammatical Gender (and Feminism)", Mar. -- Apr. 1996
Query "Internet"/"Superhighway", Apr. -- May. 1996
Discussion "Non-Standard Grammar", Jun. 1996
Discussion "Multilinguality", Aug. 1996
Discussion "Natural Language", Oct. 1996
Discussion "The English Future", Feb. 1997
Query "Double-Dutch and Youthese / Pig Latin", Jul. -- Oct. 1997
Discussion "Women`s Language", Oct. 1997
Query "Short Diphthongs", Mar. 1998
Discussion "Taste Words", Apr.-May 1998
Discussion "Complex Morphemes / The Term 'Morph'", May 1998
Discussion "English Change / 'The' and place names", May 1998
Discussion "Time Depth", May 1998
Responses to Queries, Cited in the Respective Summaries:
7-442/1: Trade Names (Mar. 96) · 7-1611/1: Words denoting temporally non-contiguous events (Nov. 96) · 7-1698/1: Lgs with obligatory onsets & without distinctive length (Nov. 96) · 8-209/1: Pronoun usage (Feb. 97) · 8-1001/1: Intensification of the comparative (Jul. 97) ·


Inputs on Austronesian linguistics

mainly on: AN-Lang List.
[obvious typos have been subsequently corrected]
Re: on Malay nyawa (26 Mar 1997)
Variants of the reconstructed Proto-Asutronesian form.


Inputs on Bahasa Indonesia to various mailing lists

particularly: BAHASA and Bahtera Lists, occasionally also on AN-Lang.
[obvious typos have been subsequently corrected]
Re: Grammatical categories in Indonesian (11 – 22 Apr 1997)
Understanding “reversed” adjective-noun groups / distinguishing between homonymic forms of the noun or between a nominal verbform and de-verb noun.
Re: ke luar / keluar (13 Feb 1998)
When is ke_luar spelled separately, and when together; what part of speech is negeri in universitas negeri, pegawai negeri.
Re: adjectives (13 Feb 1998)
Are there adjectives in Indonesian? How are they distinguished from verbs?
Re: signs and driving in Bhs Ind (18 Feb 1998)
Are there terms for "sign" and "to drive" in standard Indonesian?
Re: di sini, di sana, di mana? (3 Mar 1998; in Indonesian)
Distinctive use of di sini, di situ, di sana "here, there, etc." in direct speech and in correspondence or telephone conversation.
Re: java atau jawa? (4 - 7 Mar 1998; in Indonesian)
Use of traditional seplling vs. use of vernacular spelling in Indonesian geographical names in English, or of foreign geographical names in Indonesian · The spellings Java / Jawa; origin of the name · Original meanings and origins of Kalimantan and Borneo · Translation of Great Britain and British Isles in Indonesian.
Re: sejarah bahasa (10 Mar 1998)
Some historical "happenings" marking the development of the concept of "Indonesia" and of "Indonesian" (language).
Re: widow, widower, de facto... (25 Mar 1998)
Words meaning "widow(er)", "divorced", "de facto couple", etc.
Re: kata depan (23 Apr 1998)
Personal and non-personal nominals, prepositions, their classification.
Re: Istilah/kata baru krismon (29 Apr 1998; in Indonesian)
Use of the word reformasi in the meaning of what was formerly referred to as reform or reforme.
Re: Cowrie shells (5 - 6 May 1998)
The words tengkuyung and kuwuk for "cowrie shell" as attested by various lexicographic and encyclopaedic sources.
Re: Javanese Mantric traditions? (10 May 1998)
Ben Andersen and language in understanding Indonesian culture and politics · Strong regional and culture contrasts in Javanese tradition · economic success of Cape Malays and Surinam Javanese · Political vocabulary and language use in commercial advertisement.
Re: Tentang-Menentang (14 Aug 1998)
Use of transitive verbforms with -i or -kan suffix in combination with a preposition in standard and non-standard language · Relationship between the two latter in language instruction.
Re: Cina / Tionghoa and Re: Bahasa, Sejarah, Kebudayaan (08 Sep 1998)
History of use of the names Cina and Tionghoa or Tiongkok for "Chinese, China", and socio-lionguistic factors leading to the derogatory meaning inherent in the word Cina.
Re: Object Focus Conventions (09 Sep 1998)
The tradtional Malay "passive voice" paradigm and the active/passive and absolutive/ergative paradigms of modern Indonesian.
Re: Counting Problems (25 Oct 1998)
When to use the plural (reduplicated) form of the noun in indonesian, and when not.
Re: teka-teki (09 Nov 1998)
History of use of the address Bung and similar words in "revolutionary" contexts, compared with citoyen and comrade. Also use of either jendral or umum to translate English attributive general; on the translation of majelis into English.


Inputs on Southeast Asian Languages

particularly in SEALang-L mailing list.
On the Origin and Pronunciation of Siam: 29-Jul-95 · 05-Aug-95 · 07-Aug-95 ·
Cognate forms in early European reports, in Chinese, Vietnamese, Old/New Khmer, Mon and other Mon-Khmer languages, probable Sanskrit etymon borrowed into Old Khmer, and from thee in the other languages. Also (07 Aug) tone-designation and vowel-shifts in Vietnamese, and origin of Chenla and Champa.


Inputs on Evolution of Language

(Nov-Dec. 1997)
[obvious typos have been subsequently corrected]
Social Regulation and Manipulation through Language: 24-Nov-97 · 25-Nov-97 · 07-Dec-97 ·
The main function of human language is seen as means not for transmitting knowledge, but for maintaining social relations within a for each individual cultural community distinct social structure.
Were First Langueage Speakers Men, Women, or Children?: 24-Nov-97 · 25-Nov-97 · 26-Nov-97 ·
Human Language apparently developed not in the signalization of either adult males (e.g. in hunting organization) or adult females (who are more proficient in its use), but in that of children in maintenance of sibling hierarchies.
Gossip and the Reason for Language: 26-Nov-97 ·
Gossip is indeed important, but probably not the driving factor in the transition from pre-human signalization to human language.
Language and Hunting Efficiency: 25-Nov-97 · 25-Nov-97 ·
Efficient Hunting Organization is widespread among non-human animals, and, just like transmission of the involved knowledge, does not require human language.
Language Change and Knowledge Transmission: 05-Dec-97 ·
The process of constant change that characterizes human language is actually counter-productive to accurate transmission of knowledge, so this latter could not have been the driving factgor behind the transition to human language.
Human versus Machine Language: 06-Dec-97 ·
On the fundamental difference betweeh human and machine language.
Checking Internal Aggression: 27-Nov-97 ·
As increased intelligence in humans also increased the capacity to kill, survival of the species required developments of checks against internal homicide.


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